Sustainability assessment of advanced wastewater treatment technologies

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  • Linda Høibye
  • Jes Clauson-Kaas
  • Henrik Wenzel
  • Henrik Fred Larsen
  • Bo Neergaard Jacobsen
  • Ole Dalgaard

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As a consequence of the EU Water Framwork Directive, more focus is now on discharges of hazardous substances from wastewater treatment plants and sewers. Thus, many municipalities in Denmark may have to adopt to future advenced treatment technologies.

This paper describes a holistic assessment, which includes technical, economic and environmental aspects. The technical and economic assessment is performed on 5 advanced treatment technologies: sand filtration, ozone treatment, UV exclusively for disinfection of pathogenic microorganisms, Membrane Bioreactor (MBR), and UV in combination with advanced oxidation. The technical assessment is based on 12 hazardous substances comprising heavy metals, organic pollutants, endocrine disruptors as well as pathogenic microorganisms.

The environmental assessment is performed by life cycle assessment (LCA) comprising 9 of the specific hazardous substances and three advanced treatment methods: sand filtration, ozone treatment and MBR.

The technical and economic assessment showed that UV solely for disinfection purposes or ozone treatment are the most advantageous advanved treatment methods if the demands are restricted to pathogenic microorganisms.

In terms of sustainability, sand filtration is the most advantageous method based on the technical and environmental assessment due to the low energy consumption and high efficiency with regard to the removal of heavy metals.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication10th IWA Specialised Conference. Design, Operation and Economics of Large Wastewater Treatment Plants.
Number of pages7
PublisherIWA Publishing
Publication date2007
Pages179-185
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event10th IWA Specialised Conference. Design, Operation and Economics of Large Wastewater Treatment Plants - Wien, Austria
Duration: 9 Sep 200713 Sep 2007
Conference number: 10

Conference

Conference10th IWA Specialised Conference. Design, Operation and Economics of Large Wastewater Treatment Plants
Nummer10
LandAustria
ByWien
Periode09/09/200713/09/2007

    Research areas

  • advanced wastewater treatment, LCA, life cycle assessment, MBR, micro-pollutants, ozonation, sand filtration, UV