Treatment Failure of TNF-α Inhibitors in Obese Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease-A Cohort Study

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Background: In treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents (anti-TNF-α), obesity has been suspected as a cause of accelerated loss of response (LOR). We sought to determine whether overweight IBD patients have accelerated LOR when treated with anti-TNF-α agents, compared with normal weight IBD patients.

Methods: We identified a cohort of adult IBD patients treated with anti-TNF-α agents at a Danish university hospital. Patients were grouped according to body mass index (BMI), and our main outcome was time to LOR. We performed survival analyses on LOR and calculated hazard ratios (HRs) with the normal weight group as the reference, while adjusting for confounders.

Results: Of 210 eligible patients, 92 (44%) experienced LOR. One hundred eighty patients were treated with infliximab and 30 with adalimumab, 114 (54%) were normal weight, 51 (24%) were overweight, and 45 (21%) were obese. Regression analysis produced the following adjusted HRs, compared with the normal weight group: overweight 0.89 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.51-1.56) and obese 1.31 (95% CI, 0.76-2.24), thus showing no statistically significant association between BMI and time to LOR. Subgroup analyses produced similar results, except for obese ulcerative colitis patients having an adjusted HR of 2.42 (95% CI, 1.03-5.70).

Conclusions: In IBD patients treated with anti-TNF-α agents, we found no overall association between increased BMI and accelerated LOR.

JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)2628–2633
Publication statusPublished - 2018