The prognostic value of tumour stroma ratio and tumour budding in stage II colon cancer. A nationwide population-based study

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Purpose: High-risk patients with stage II colon cancer (CC) may benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy, but additional prognostic markers are needed for better stratification. We investigated the prognostic value of tumour stroma ratio (TSR) and tumour budding (TB). Methods: A nationwide population-based cohort of 573 patients with stage II CC was included. TSR was scored on hematoxylin and eosin sections as low TSR (> 50% stroma) and high TSR (≤ 50% stroma). TB was evaluated in hotspots on pan-cytokeratin stained sections in 10 high power fields (HPF) at the invasive front and classified by the mean number of buds per HPF as high grade budding (≥ 10 buds) or low-grade budding (< 10 buds). The prognostic value was investigated in Cox proportional hazard models for recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: Low TSR was associated with worse RFS (HR = 1.342 (95% CI 1.006–1.791), p = 0.045) and OS (HR = 1.376 (95% CI 1.016–1.862), p = 0.039). Furthermore, an association was found between low TSR and microsatellite stabile tumours (p < 0.001). The mean number of buds per HPF was associated to TSR with increasing number of buds related to a lower TSR (p = 0.026). No statistically significant prognostic impact of TB regarding OS or RFS was detected. Conclusions: TSR provided valuable prognostic information, and adding TSR to the current risk stratification may contribute to better patient selection. The estimates of TSR and TB were found to be associated, but no prognostic value of TB was documented.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Sidetal (fra-til)1-10
Antal sider10
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 21 maj 2018