Modular Neural Mechanisms for Gait Phase Tracking, Prediction, and Selection in Personalizable Knee-Ankle-Foot-Orthoses

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Orthoses for the lower limbs support patients to perform movements that they could not perform on their own. In traditional devices, generic gait models for a limited set of supported movements restrict the patients mobility and device acceptance. To overcome such limitations, we propose a modular neural control approach with user feedback for personalizable Knee-Ankle-Foot-Orthoses (KAFO). The modular controller consists of two main neural components: neural orthosis control for gait phase tracking and neural internal models for gait prediction and selection. A user interface providing online feedback allows the user to shape the control output that adjusts the knee damping parameter of a KAFO. The accuracy and robustness of the control approach were investigated in different conditions including walking on flat ground and descending stairs as well as stair climbing. We show that the controller accurately tracks and predicts the user's movements and generates corresponding gaits. Furthermore, based on the modular control architecture, the controller can be extended to support various distinguishable gaits depending on differences in sensory feedback.
SprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer37
TidsskriftFrontiers in Neurorobotics
Vol/bind12
Antal sider17
ISSN1662-5218
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2018